Homeschooling v Public Schooling is a college research paper recently completed by my sister-in-law, Christy C., who is a freshman in college this year! I look forward to seeing which choice she makes when her future self has children of her own. – Victoria C.
Homeschooling or public schooling? As a parent which one would you choose for your child’s education? Deciding how to provide an education is an important parental responsibility. When deciding there are a lot of considerations to keep in mind like religion, quality of education, if the child has a disability or the child’s safety in general. With homeschooling on the rise, parents should consider if the quality of homeschooling a child would be better than giving them a public education.
Homeschooling education has grown in recent years becoming more popular in the homes of the United States. In 2007, 1.5 million children were homeschooled. This increased by thirty-six percent since 2003 (Cruise). Some statistics show that the reason for the increase could be from the eighty-eight percent of homeschoolers homeschool for the reason of public school environments (Swift).
Quality of Education
According to the study done by Brian D. Ray, homeschool education’s quality is proven to be better than public school education. The homeschool pupils who took the Iowa Test of Basic Skills scored thirty-seven more percentile points better than public school pupils (Viadero). Also, homeschool students scored thirty more percentile points than public school students on the Standford Achievement tests (Viadero). Homeschooled children additionally did better on the same tests in the state of California (Viadero). A child who was homeschooled longer did better on these tests (Viadero). Could homeschooling actually be more effective than public school? According to one study from parents of 5,402 of the nation’s approximately 1.2 million homeschooled children that educate at home instead of in a classroom homeschoolers excel more on tests (Viadero).
Child Safety and Bullying
Having a quality education does not just consist of how well you are learning but where a student will be learning the material. Public schools have become unsafe for children to be. The teasing, mocking, abusing of students that’s happening, also known as bullying, can affect a student by lowering his or her self-esteem, affecting their grades, or worse. In 2007, a study has shown that seventy-seven percent of students have been bullied but fourteen percent of those state that they have had bad reaction to the abuse (Greg). Statistics say that twenty-three percent of elementary students have been bullied one to three times a month (Greg). In fourth through eighth grade ninety percent have reported they have been bullied (Greg). Data has also shown that 100,000 students carry a gun to their public schools (Greg). Bullying leads to dangerous acts especially when lead to carrying guns because of the cases where shootings are happening within schools. According to bullying statistics, thirty-nine percent of middle-schoolers and thirty-six percent of high-schoolers attending public school have said they do not feel safe in their schools (Greg).
Lastly, the highlight of homeschooling would be to have the time to enjoy your children. Going to public school there is always a time issue. Students leave about six in the morning and do not make it back home until about three to four in the afternoon. Afterwards, there is homework, extracurricular activities, dinner, bath time, then sleep. With a busy schedule you can lose sight of the important family bonding that should be happening within every household. When homeschooled you can always have time to share with your children because you can set your school schedule around family time as in vacations or just time to spend with each other. When the family bonds are strengthened, the child’s self-confidence and self-esteem also improve. As once said, “Homeschooling is quality time all the time,” during which the student will get to enjoy the time spend with siblings and parents (Duigon).
One downfall someone would argue against homeschooling is the student’s social life. They believe that since they have been home bound that they do not get the chance that public school children have to interact with children their own age. They believe the child or children are being anti-social because they spend their days learning at their home. Actually, homeschooled kids are very active and social often by joining groups. The majority of the time, parents have a homeschooling group they interact with so that child does have the chance to mingle with their own age group.
When contemplating public school environments, one of the main issues questioned in public school is religion’s place in classrooms. This makes up the eighty-three percent of homes who would rather homeschool to be able to provide religious and moral instructions (Swift). Some recent polls determined about seventy-seven percent of Americans classify themselves as Christians (Gib). Some parents of homeschoolers do so rather than sending them to public school to keep them from having to face the pressure of worldly views. Public school cannot teach religion, which does not help the student to continually grow in faith, but most will stray away from faith because of all the pressures from other peers influences public schools put on children. Some of seventy-five to eighty-five percent of public school students drop out of church or lose their Christian world views after high school (Singer). Additionally, homeschoolers have the benefit of not having one set curriculum, but the ability to build their own for their students. Deciding to homeschool gives families the chance to build the curriculum around the students’ faith giving them a chance to grow stronger. Trip Singer states that ninety-four percent of homeschoolers keep their faith and ninety-three percent attend church after high school (Singer).
Besides that homeschooling gives children the chance to learn religion alongside academics. Homeschooling is actually the Biblical form of education because God informs us that the parents are supposed to be the educators of the home and children (Singer). Christian homeschooling parents want their students to be taught Christian morals, ethics, and values along with academics, which most public school could not provide to their students.
Because these homeschooling parents wish to provide quality religion education for their children, the issue of us versus them comes in(Romanowski). Parents and education instructors both have different views. Many instructors cannot understand why people homeschool. Many homeschool parents feel as though they are as adequate, if not more so, when they teach the material. Most educators in public school systems would rather tell their students questions they got wrong or right, but with homeschooling, parents can take their time and let the student know why the answer would be right or wrong (Gib). More one on one time with students gives them the chance to comprehend the material better. Which could be the reasons for homeschooling rates of graduation in high school and college are higher than public schools (Gibs). With homeschooling the parent can teach at the learning pace of the child instead of being bound by state guidelines requiring certain material be taught to children within the year and move on regardless if the material was fully grasped within the time allotted.
Keeping quality of education in mind, having a child with a learning disability, such as ADHD, can prove to be difficult to teach or for that student to learn. Public schools always have distractions as its downfall for someone who already has trouble maintaining focus. There are many instances when a student with ADHD needed the help from instructor that wasn’t provided to him or her. It has been shown that when homeschooled the ADHD student starts exceeding more than in a classroom (Learning Rx). Homeschooling for ADHD can improve the health of the child, because when taken out of conventional school they work fine without their medicine (Gray 1). With being at home in that kind of environment, they can learn to cope with the symptoms of ADHD, which can change the child’s behaviors and moods that is hard to control in public classrooms (Gray 2).
Homeschooling is not mandatory but is an option. After considering all the perks and benefits of homeschooling, wouldn’t choosing this type of education be right for students? After all, a homeschool education proves to be just as good, if not better than public schools, plus the perks of being safe from peer pressures and bullying, along with more time spent with his or hers family.
Cruise, Gavin.“Consider These Home School Statistics.”Ezine Articles.2010.Web.13 November 2011
Swift, Weslie. “Home-schooling: Rising statistics.”Sonoaran News.2010.Web. 13 November 2011
Gib, Art. “Home Schooling vs Public Education.”Ezine Articles.2007.Web.13 November 2011
Singer, Trip. “Public Schools vs Home schooling.”2004.Web. 13 November 2011
“Home Schooling Children with Learning Disabilities.”Learning Rx. Web. 14 November 2011
Gray, Peter. “Experiences of ADHD-Labeled Kids Who Switch from Conventional Schooling to Homeschooling or Unschooling.”Psychology Today.2010.Web.14 November 2011
Viadero, Debra. “Home-Schooled Pupils Outscore Counterparts.”EBSCO.1997.Web.14 November 2011.
Greg, “New Bullying Statistics”Bullying Statistics blog spot.2007.Web.14 November 2011.
Greg, “ Bullying Statistics: How Widespread is School Voilence” Bullying Statistics blog spot.2007.Web. 14 November 2011.
Duigon,Lee. “Why You Should Homechool Your Christian Child, Part IV: Ten Reasons Why You Should Homeschool Your Child.”Chalcedon.1991.Web.14 Novemeber 2011
Micheal H. Romanowski. “Undoing The Us vs Them in Public and Home Schooling.” Education Digest 66.9 (2001) : pg.41. EBSCO. North Florida Community Coll. Lib., Fl. 6 Nov. 2011